Growing Cannabis at home: a guide for beginners

Written: editor | February 20, 2023

Home growing cannabis has numerous benefits over buying from a dispensary. First and foremost, you get to choose the quality of your cannabis. You can grow strains that are best suited for your needs — whether it’s taste, smell, effects, or growth patterns. You also have control over the cultivation process, allowing you to grow healthy plants free of pesticides. Whether you’re a medical cannabis patient looking to maximize cost savings or an enthusiast looking to grow high-quality bud, growing cannabis at home is one of the best ways to ensure quality bud every time.

Where is it legal to homegrow cannabis?

Homegrown cannabis is legal in certain states and territories both for medical and recreational use. To grow cannabis at home, you must have a Medical Cannabis Card issued by your state or territory. You can grow plants with a maximum of five flowering plants per indoor growing cycle. It is illegal to grow cannabis using children’s facilities such as tents or greenhouses, so be sure to follow all local laws and regulations when growing marijuana at home.

Landlords may be allowed to ban tenants from growing cannabis on the property if the ban is provided in the lease agreement. Additionally, it is illegal to grow cannabis on federal land, so make sure to follow all local laws and regulations when growing marijuana at home.

Quick overview of the basics of growing marijuana

– Indoor marijuana growing is a relatively simple and cost-effective process for cannabis cultivation. The bare minimum indoor marijuana growing setup requires a discreet space and small budget.

– Outdoors, basic gardening tools, soil, water and abundant sunlight are required.

– Knowing the difference between a SOG (solar grower’s garden) and SCROG (scheduled cannabis grower) is essential for successful cannabis growth.

– A SOG generally uses sunlight as the primary light source to grow marijuana plants. While SCROG uses artificial light such as grow lamps or fluorescent lights to grow marijuana plants.

– The blooming phase is when the plant is flowering and producing buds. This stage lasts from weeks to months depending on the strain of marijuana used.

– The last weeks of blooming and harvest time are crucial steps before consuming the plant. In general, harvesting marijuana plants involves taking them down carefully so that the stems do not break or become too brittle and easy to snap off. They should be snapped gently, but not forcefully enough to damage the plant’s structure. Following this stage, marijuana plants can be smoked or consumed as desired.

What does a marijuana plant need to survive and thrive?

Marijuana plants require light to flower and produce bud, with a photoperiod of 18-12 hours for indoor growing and natural changes in daylight for outdoor growing. Weed plants need adequate water and nutrients to grow healthy and strong. Optimal temperature and humidity for marijuana plants is between 55-85°F, with a relative humidity between 50-70%. Wind and airflow are also essential to the marijuana plant’s health. Before planting cannabis seeds, it is important to understand the germination process and select the best size container for the plant. Finally, before growing marijuana at home, it is vital to learn about lighting, watering, and other basic cultivation tips.

Indoor vs. outdoor marijuana growing

– Indoor marijuana growing requires spending money on expensive equipment and utilities.

– Outdoor marijuana growing requires ample sunlight, space, and access to natural resources.

– Growing cannabis at home is only allowed with a Medical Cannabis Card and is limited to 5 plants.

– Oregonians are limited to four plants per residence and cannot grow cannabis in federally-subsidized housing.

– Primary caregivers can grow up to 24 flowering and non-flowering plants as long as they are labeled with the qualifying patient’s name.

How to choose a marijuana strain to grow

Before choosing a marijuana strain to grow, you should consider the strain’s taste, aroma, vigor, yield, potency and appearance. To begin with, assess the strain’s taste. Different strains have different tastes and preferences. Some strains may be fruity and sweet, while others may be earthy and bitter.

Another factor to consider is the potency of the cannabis. High-potency marijuana has a high THC content and is more potent than low-potability marijuana. Also, it should be noted that high-Yield marijuana has a higher yield than average-yield marijuana. To help you choose your marijuana seed or clone, look for seeds or clones that have desirable traits or seem healthier than those in the marketplace.

For indoor growing, use basic gardening tools, soil, water and sunlight to grow marijuana plants. Also make sure to provide the plants with adequate nutrients and light exposure.

Other factors to consider when picking a strain to grow

When choosing a marijuana strain to grow, it’s important to consider several factors, including the size of the plant when it is fully grown. Different cannabis strains can have different effects on people, so you must be careful and selective when deciding which strain to grow. Additionally, harvesting at the right time will ensure that the cannabis has maximum potency. It’s also vital to provide proper air flow in the grow room to strengthen stalks and stems. Finally, consider the yield of the strain when selecting a marijuana strain to grow.

Cannabis seeds

For growing cannabis plants at home, seeds are the best way to do it. Cannabis plants may be male, female or hermaphrodites and only female plants produce female flowers or “buds.” Male plants produce male flowers which contain pollen grains but not trichomes. These male flowers have stamens for seed production, but don’t have trichomes.

Feminized cannabis seeds are available and are capable of producing only female plants. The buds of the female plants must undergo a drying and curing process before they can be smoked. This process involves letting the bud dry completely, then placing it in a dark room and gradually increasing the temperature over time to avoid cooking the bud.

Once this process is complete, the bud can be smoked or consumed as an edible treat.

In order to grow cannabis seeds, you will need light, nutrients, warmth, and room to grow. You can grow cannabis seeds indoors using a plant light or an artificial indoor grow light. Once your seed has germinated, you will need to provide it with nutrients such as water and fertilizer to help it grow strong and healthy. You will also need to keep the growing medium warm and stable so that the seeds can develop properly.

Regular Cannabis Seeds

Regular cannabis seeds are one of the most popular and easiest ways of growing marijuana plants. These seeds can produce either male or female plants, which can be beneficial for growing marijuana plants that require male and female plants to grow healthy and grow evenly. Autoflowering feminized cannabis seeds are often recommended for first-time growers, as these seeds will grow only female plants. These seeds are typically less expensive than other cannabis seed types, making them a good value if you want to grow multiple marijuana plants from a single batch of seeds. Male cannabis plants produce male flowers, but they are not capable of producing buds and are generally used only for pollination. Feminized cannabis seeds will produce only female plant, ensuring that you always grow female marijuana plants from a single batch of seed

Output: Regular cannabis seeds are one of the most popular and easiest ways of growing marijuana plants. These seeds can produce either male or female plants, which can be beneficial for growing marijuana plants that require male and female plants to grow healthy and grow evenly. Autoflowering feminized cannabis seeds are often recommended for first-time growers, as these seeds will grow only female plant

Feminized Cannabis Seeds

Feminized seeds are a popular choice for many growers, as they ensure that resources are not wasted. These seeds produce only female plants, so they can be easily distinguished and saved for later use. They also come with the added benefit of being guaranteed to produce only female plants, saving time and money spent on vegetative growth. Photoperiodism is a plant’s natural response to the daily light and dark cycle, which triggers them to flower. This means that male cannabis plants grow flowers with pollen but no trichomes; female plants grow flowers with trichomes but no pollen. As a result, feminized seeds ensure that you get only female cannabis plants from seed-to-harvest, ensuring maximum output from your grow setup.

Photoperiodic Cannabis seeds

Cannabis seeds are the female plants of cannabis plants. When grown indoors, cannabis seeds produce male plants that produce only male flowers, which contain pollen without any trichomes. Female plants grow and produce inflorescences (clusters of small flowers) or “buds” which contain the highest concentration of cannabinoids. The bud is the part of the plant that produces cannabis resin after harvesting. Buds have a large central bud and many smaller side buds – this is what makes cannabis plants such a valuable source of medicine. Cannabis seeds can be germinated in water or soil, but are typically placed into pots or seedlings for faster growth. They can be stored for up to two years if kept in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight.

Cannabis Growing requirements

– Growing cannabis at home is only permitted for those with a valid medical cannabis card and 21 years or older.

– The maximum number of plants allowed to be grown in a household is four.

– Growing cannabis is allowed under federal law with limited amounts. However, growing cannabis indoors requires a license from the local municipality. Landlords can ban renters from growing cannabis on their property. In addition, growing cannabis may not be done in public spaces, such as parks and streets.

– Selling cannabis without a license is illegal and can lead to imprisonment of up to five years and a $5,000 fine per offence. It is also illegal to grow cannabis for commercial purposes, sell it directly to consumers, or use it as an object of crime.

– Buying cannabis seeds online is legal but should be done responsibly by following the necessary dos and don’ts outlined by the relevant authorities.

Growing medium

Cannabis can be grown in a variety of mediums, including soil, coco coir, perlite, and even grow mediums such as grow bags or seed-starting trays. Soil is an excellent medium to grow cannabis plants; it provides a stable base for plant growth and contains nutrients that are vital for plant growth. However, cannabis plants require specialized growing conditions to thrive. For example, cannabis requires high levels of humidity and temperature in order to grow healthily. Soil may contain too much moisture or not enough oxygen, which can cause plants to grow poorly or develop unhealthy growth habits.

Additionally, marijuana plants must be grown in soil that has been properly prepared and has the proper composition of nutrients. Cannabis plants can also be grown outdoors in a spot that receives ample sunlight and ventilation. Gardening tools such as hoes, rakes, hand tools, and other tools are essential for outdoor cannabis cultivation. These tools will allow you to achieve effective cultivation of your cannabis plants and help you maintain a healthy ecosystem in your outdoor cannabis garden.

Growing Cannabis in soil

Cannabis is usually grown in soil mix with a balanced solids and empty spaces ratio to ensure healthy roots. Soil mixes can be made of organic or inorganic materials such as vermiculite, perlite, coco coir, or grower may choose to use a commercial soil mix with added nutrients. Cannabis plants can be grown indoor or outdoor. Outdoor cannabis cultivation needs basic gardening tools, soil, water, and sunlight. Indoor cannabis cultivation requires only basic indoor gardening tools and light. It is important to provide adequate light for cannabis plants so they grow healthy andtall. Cannabis plants can grow best in an indoor environment with filtered light and humidity around50% but it is possible to grow them outdoors if you live in a warm climate with access to sunny weather.

Growing Cannabis in Hydroponics

Growing cannabis without soil is possible with hydroponics, which requires an initial investment of time and money to set up. Hydroponics includes many popular methods of growing cannabis, such as drip system or ebb and flow cultivation. Growing cannabis in hydroponics typically involves using a growing medium, such as nutrient-rich water or grow medium, to support plant growth. Substrates used in hydroponics can be anything from perlite to clay pebbles or Rockwool, which help the roots anchor themselves. For legal growers looking to grow cannabis at home, it’s important to follow all local laws and regulations including local bylaws.

Growing Cannabis in Coco coir

Coco coir is an excellent growing medium for cannabis, made of coconut husk fiber. It has a high moisture content and is able to hold moisture well, making it an ideal choice for cannabis plants. In addition to its high moisture retention, coco coir is also an excellent drainage medium, helping prevent plant roots from absorbing too much water.

Coco coir can be used alone or combined with soil and perlite for better aeration and to avoid soil compaction. When used alone, nutrients must be added to coco coir. It is an inert medium that requires supplementation of nutrients such as fertilizer and nutrient-rich water to grow healthy plants. Soil mix is also a good medium for growing cannabis, with its balance of solids and empty spaces for air and water. However, it must be carefully balanced to avoid tilting or mixing with other materials. It is important to ensure that the soil mix contains ingredients such as perlite, vermiculite, or coco coir, which have different properties and functions suitable for different plant types.

Tap water

Cannabis requires a water pH reading between 6 and 7 for optimal growth. Cannabis cultivators must obtain permits from the California Department of Fish and Wildlife and California Water Boards to protect the environment and conserve water resources. Cannabis cultivation requires regular testing of the water to ensure the pH reading is between 6 and 7. Daytime temperatures of between 75 and 85F (23.9 and 25.4C) are ideal for cannabis growth, while extreme lows or highs can delay growth or cause complications. Cannabis grower should test their water regularly to ensure good plant health.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the easiest cannabis to grow indoors?

If you’re looking to grow cannabis indoors, then the easiest cannabis strain for beginners is Northern Lights Autoflower. This plant does not require much space and produces high-quality buds in a relatively short flowering period of 8-10 weeks.

In order to grow cannabis indoors, you’ll need some basic tools and knowledge. For starters, get yourself a soil mix with the right balance between solids and empty spaces so that the growing cannabis plants have room to grow healthy roots. You will also need artificial lighting to simulate daylight hours, a grow tent to maintain a warm and humid environment, gardening tools like watering cans and pruners, and potentially hydroponics equipment if you plan on growing cannabis plants with no soil. Last but not least, it is important to ensure the area is secure with a lock or security device of some sort.

When it comes to soil mix for indoor cannabis cultivation, using a commercial soil mix with added nutrients is a great starting point as it minimizes the need for additional nutrient application throughout the growth cycle. With all of these items taken into account, growing cannabis indoors can be done easily by any beginner grower.

How long should an indoor cannabis grow take?

The growth cycle of cannabis plants grown indoors typically takes around three to four months from seed to harvest. This process is made up of two main stages: the vegetative stage and flowering stage.

The vegetative stage can last anywhere from 3 to 16 weeks depending on factors like light, nutrients, humidity, and temperature. During this stage the plant will grow vigorously and start forming its bud sites.

Once the vegetative stage is over, it’s time to change the photoperiod to 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness in order to trigger flowering. Autoflowering plants usually take 8-10 weeks to be ready for harvest, while regular cannabis plants can take longer.

After harvest, marijuana buds need to be dried and cured for at least two weeks before they are smokable. This final step ensures that your marijuana buds have maximum potency, flavor, and aroma!

How many hours a day do cannabis seedlings need light?

Cannabis seedlings need light for a minimum of 16 hours per day during the vegetative growth stage. This light should be spread across the entire spectrum of light, and grower should ensure that their seedlings get consistent light exposure over an 8-hour period of darkness. The light cycle should then be reduced to 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness when the plant is ready to enter the flowering stage.

When growing cannabis indoors with artificial grow lights, it’s important to choose the right type of light. Some types of lights, like High-Intensity Discharge (HIDs) lights, tend to run hot and can compromise the buds if they are too close to the canopy or too strong. To replicate the natural process indoors, growers should shorten the light period to 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness.


It is up to you to experiment with growing marijuana plants and see which of the methods work best for you. Grower’s luck, after all, is a big factor in growing cannabis plants successfully. While there are no guarantees that you will grow successful marijuana plants, knowledge of the basics of growing cannabis will help you get started! If you have any queries regarding growing cannabis, feel free to ask us in the comments section below.